Industrial Utility Efficiency    

Magazine

September 2017 Edition

September 2017 Edition

 

Featured Articles

Applying Centrifugal Air Compressors for Variable Loads

By the Compressed Air & Gas Institute Centrifugal Compressor Section

There are many choices of compressor technology and types of controls that can be used for variable demands. Some examples are rotary screw compressors with inlet valve control: variable speed drives: load/unload control; or centrifugal compressors with variable inlet guide vanes. However, in many cases, the efficiency of the overall compression process can be reduced significantly during lower flow demands, leading to more power per unit of air flow being delivered. It is very important to evaluate different available options and see how a plant can run most efficiently.

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Canadian Glass Plant Optimizes Autoclave Compressed Air

By Alan Brossault

The facility uses a large amount of electricity to manufacture laminated glass in the autoclave process.  This process is the largest consumer of compressed air in the facility which made compressed air a major target in reducing energy costs for the facility. As the volume of compressed air in the autoclave is significant, the system is constantly pressurized with large 150 HP air compressors to reduce production times and fill times of the autoclave.

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Centrifugal Air Compressor Controls and Sizing Basics

By Tim Dugan, P.E., Compression Engineering Corporation

Larger air compressors, typically over 500 hp, in refineries, pulp and paper plants, chemical and other processing plants often have high-speed, multi-stage air compressors called “centrifugal” air compressors. As seen from a total system perspective, they are not much different than screw air compressors. They compress air to plant pressure from atmospheric conditions, and deliver it to the dryer. These types of air compressors have no internal wearing parts, besides bearings and seals, and are very reliable and efficient, at their best efficiency point.

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Compressed Air Audit Discovers Problems at Electronics Firm

By Ron Marshall, Marshall Compressed Air Consulting

An electronics manufacturer with a very large compressed air system recently had a compressed air audit done in their plant to assess system efficiency. The audit discovered the system had been designed to be extremely efficient, yet some previously undetected problems were causing less than optimal operation. Despite being located in a tropical environment, this plant utilizes heat recovery to help reduce the overall energy consumption.

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