Industrial Utility Efficiency

# System Assessments

Analysis of the pressure data logging showed that, while the variable speed drive compressor maintained a constant discharge pressure near 120 psi, the pressure at various critical points fell to as low as 85 psi during peak production operations. General pressure in the plants, especially Plant 2, fluctuated between 102 and 112 psi, showing that the pressure/flow control valve was not regulating properly, and that Plant 2 lacked enough general storage volume to support transient flows.

## The Effects of Ambient Temperature on Centrifugal Air Compressor Performance

It was early summer, the air compressors were above the production floor on a mezzanine, and temperatures were heating up both outdoors and indoors. The compressed air system was comprised of three 500-horsepower centrifugal air compressors, and one 350-horsepower variable speed drive oil-free rotary screw air compressor.

## Cell-Connected Compressed Air Monitoring Systems Save Time and Money

Like any system, to properly manage compressed air equipment some measurements have to be taken. Typically, some sort of data logging equipment is installed to measure various pressures, amps or power, flow, and sometimes temperatures and dewpoints. Placing this equipment on a system is like putting an electrocardiograph machine on a human heart, the heartbeat of the compressed air system in a plant can be analyzed to determine if everything is normal or if there is a problem, all without interrupting the system.

## Milk Products Plant Finds 52 Percent Potential Savings

A food processor was having compressed air problems, so they invited a compressed air auditor into their plant for an assessment and to help them size future permanent air compressors. The plant was experiencing low air pressure and detecting water in the compressed air lines despite having a desiccant air dryer. The auditor thoroughly analyzed the compressed air system production equipment and did end-use assessment and leakage detection. This article discusses the findings leading to a potential cost savings of 52% of the current level.

## Culture Building with ENERGY STAR® Energy Treasure Hunts

There are many reasons why the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ENERGY STAR® Energy Treasure Hunts have proven successful in helping companies save energy and natural resources, but one that rises to the top is their ability to build a culture of energy efficiency throughout an organization.

## Understanding and Treating an Industrial Static Problem

In this article, we discuss problems associated with static electricity in industrial manufacturing operations and how to effectively address them. At the atomic level, materials have a balance of positively charged protons in the nucleus and negatively charged electrons in the shell. Balance requires the same number of each.  A static charge occurs when that balance shifts due to the loss or gain of one or more electrons from the atom or molecule. The primary mechanism for this loss or gain, among several possibilities, is friction.

## Show Report: 2019 AEE World Energy Conference and Expo

The 2019 AEE World Energy Conference and Expo was held September 25-27 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington D.C. The event featured 14+ tracks, 56 sessions, over 260 individual speakers, and 62 exhibitors.  Both Chiller & Cooling Best Practices and Compressed Air Best Practices® Magazines were pleased to be in the literature bins at the 2019 AEE World!

## How to Keep Reverse Pulse Dust Collectors Operating Efficiently and Reliably

Reverse pulse type dust collectors often represent a challenge to compressed air energy efficiency, and sometimes throw a wrench into the works by causing huge air pressure fluctuations, high transient flows and just plain large leaks. This article discusses this type of dust collector, often installed in food processing plants, and gives some real-life examples of problematic installations. Some suggested measures are mentioned to ensure your dust collectors keep running in a trouble-free manner.

## Everyone Wins with Tennessee Tech University Industrial Assessment Center Program

Launched in 2006, the TTU-IAC program provides manufacturers in the state with free energy, productivity, and waste assessments – including best practices for compressed air systems, and blowers and vacuum, as well as cooling towers and chillers. The assessments to date have provided manufacturers in the program with \\$27.48 million in recommended cost savings, equaling 3.82 trillion British thermal units of energy savings.

## Integration: Should Compressed Air Monitoring be Combined with Control?

Maintenance is the customer of controls and energy engineering is the customer of monitoring. And I discussed potential problems that can occur when combining monitoring and control in the same system. In this article, I will get more specific about building practical systems that address both controls and monitoring.

## Compressor Controls

As part of its ongoing corporate initiative to find ways to reduce its energy bills, and the costly

## Piping Storage

Since completion of the system upgrade in the fall of 2020, PC Forge is on track to save an average

## Pressure

Most industrial systems like compressed air have essentially random demand if you look at the long-

## Air Treatment/N2

Just as many ambient air issues with regard to the actual equipment operating environment are

## Leaks

One of the best ways to reduce compressed air costs is to look for ways to reduce leakage flow, an

## Pneumatics

Sustainability is a high priority for today’s consumer packaged goods (CPG) companies. Driven by

## Vacuum/Blowers

Operating the vacuum system at higher levels (then necessary) affects the needed volumetric flow to